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evFAQ
Kodi ndingalipire kuti galimoto yanga?

Kunyumba m'galimoto / pagalimoto, kapena pamalo oikapo magalimoto / malo ogawirana (omwe amakhala ogulitsira nyumba).

Kuntchito pamalo oimikapo maofesi anu, mwina osungidwa kapena (theka) pagulu.

Pagulu pamisewu, pamsewu, komanso pamalo oimikapo magalimoto pagulu mungaganizire - mwachitsanzo, malo ogulitsira, malo odyera, mahotela, zipatala ndi zina zambiri. Ngati "interoperability" yatsegulidwa, muli ndi mphamvu yolipiritsa kwa omwe amapereka ma chiteshi.

Zimatenga nthawi yayitali bwanji kuti ndilipire galimoto yanga?

Nthawi zolipiritsa zimasiyanasiyana kutengera: mulingo wa batri wanu waposachedwa, kuchuluka kwa batri yanu, mphamvu yakapangidwe kanu, makonda anu, komanso kuthekera kwamphamvu yamagetsi yamagalimoto anu (mwachitsanzo kaya ndi kunyumba kapena kumaofesi).

Ma hybrids amafunika kuti maola 1-4 azilipiritsa, pomwe magalimoto amagetsi amafunika maola 4-8 (kuchokera 0 mpaka 100%). Pafupifupi, magalimoto amayimikidwa kunyumba mpaka maola 14 patsiku, komanso kuntchito pafupifupi maola 8 patsiku. Ndili ndi siteshoni yonyamula katundu yomwe muli nayo, nthawi yonseyi itha kugwiritsidwa ntchito kukweza galimoto yanu mpaka 100%.

Malo ogulitsira magetsi pafupipafupi: Achenjezedwe ngati mukulipiritsa EV yanu pamagetsi wamba. Kulipira kunyumba kumafunikira chingwe chonyamula china chomwe chimalepheretsa kutha kwa magetsi ndi kutentha kwambiri. Kuphatikiza apo, mufunikiranso kuwonetsetsa kuti malo ogulitsira ali pafupi ndi galimoto yanu, chifukwa mwina simungagwiritse ntchito chingwe chowonjezera kuti mulipire galimoto yanu. Komabe ngakhale kutetezedwa kumeneku, kulipiritsa kuchokera pamalo ogulitsa nthawi zonse kumakhumudwitsidwa kwambiri, chifukwa nyumba zambiri zanyumba sizimangiriridwa ndi magetsi. Nthawi zolipiritsa zimatengera dziko lomwe muli. Kwa EV yokhala ndi ma 160 km, mutha kuyembekezera nthawi yolipiritsa yozungulira maola 6-8 ku Europe.

Malo opangira ma EV: Iyi ndi njira yolimbikitsira kwambiri kuyendetsa galimoto, chifukwa imagwiritsa ntchito mphamvu zamagalimoto anu ndi magetsi (mwachitsanzo nyumba kapena maofesi). Ndili ndi siteshoni yonyamula katundu yomwe muli nayo, nthawi iliyonse yomwe mufika pamsewu mumakhala ndi galimoto yodzaza kwambiri. Malo olipiritsa amatha kulipiritsa maulendo 8 mwachangu kuposa malo wamba. Izi zikutanthauza kuti EV iliyonse imalipitsidwa 100% m'maola 1-4 okha. Pezani chithunzithunzi cha nthawi zolipiritsa mabatire omwe amapezeka pano.

Malo obwerekera mwachangu: Malo olipiritsa mwachangu amapezeka nthawi zambiri kunja kwa mizinda komanso m'misewu ikuluikulu. Ngakhale imathamanga (imalipira mphindi 20-30), charger yachangu wamba imabweretsa EV mpaka 80% panthawi imodzi yokha. Chifukwa cha zida zotsika mtengo komanso zida zamagetsi zothamangitsira mwachangu, ma charger awa amangogulidwa ndikumangopemphedwa ndi maboma akomweko.

Kodi ndiyenera kuyika chiteshi chotani?

Pali mitundu ingapo yamagalimoto - kuphatikiza Level 1, Level 2 ndi DC Fast Charging - chifukwa chomwe mungasankhe chimadalira pazinthu zingapo. Izi zikuphatikiza milandu yomwe makasitomala akuyembekezeredwa, mtengo wake komanso kapangidwe katsamba.

Ndi zinthu ziti zapawebusayiti zomwe zimakhudza mtengo wakukhazikitsa?

Kulipira malo opangira ma driver kumatha kupitilira mtengo wa hardware yomwe ndipo imawongoleredwa ndi zinthu zingapo zomwe zimayenera kuganiziridwa monga:

  • Ntchito yamagetsi yomwe ilipo pano. Makina onse atsopano opangira ma driver akuyenera kuwunika katundu pamafunso amagetsi a malowo kuti adziwe ngati pali kuthekera kowonjezera malo opangira ma EV. Ma station a AC Level 2 adzafunika maulendo 240 volt (40 amp) ndi kukweza magetsi kungakhale kofunikira.
  • Mtunda pakati pa gulu lamagetsi ndi malo opangira nawonso. Mtunda wautali pakati pa magetsi ndi malo opangira ma EV amatanthauza ndalama zowonjezerapo chifukwa zimawonjezera kukakamiza (ndikukonza), ngalande, ndi waya. Ndikofunika kuchepetsa mtunda pakati pa magetsi ndi malo opangira ma EV momwe mungathere poganizira komwe kuli malo olandirira katundu pamalowo.
  • Malo opangira chiphaso pamalowo. Ganizirani zomwe zimachitika chifukwa chokhazikitsa malo obweza nawowo pamalo ena pamalowo. Mwachitsanzo, kuyika malo ojambulira poyimitsa kumbuyo kwa nyumbayo kumatha kulepheretsa kugwiritsa ntchito, koma makasitomala ena akhoza kukhumudwa ngati malo ojambulira aikidwa m'malo oyimilira omwe nthawi zambiri amakhala opanda anthu chifukwa kuli ma driver a EV ochepa.

Zina zomwe zimakhudzidwa sizikhala ndi zovuta zochepa pakukhazikitsa koma zingakhudze momwe siteshoni imagwirira ntchito phindu kwa oyendetsa EV ndi makasitomala ena. Zina mwazinthuzi ndi njira yomwe chingwe chonyamula chimatenga mukamagwiritsa ntchito komanso kasamalidwe ka malo oimikapo magalimoto.

Kodi nditha kulipiritsa anthu chifukwa chogwiritsa ntchito chiteshi changa chodulira?

Inde, mumaloledwa kulipiritsa anthu anthu kuti agwiritse ntchito siteshoni yanu ngakhale eni masiteshoni ambiri amasankha kupereka chindapusa chaulere ngati chokopa kapena phindu. Chitsanzo cha izi ndi olemba anzawo ntchito kulipira kwaulere kwa ogwira nawo ntchito komanso makasitomala. Ngati mungaganize zolipiritsa kuti mugwiritse ntchito pali zifukwa zingapo zofunika kuziganizira pozindikira zomwe zikukuyenderani bwino.

Kulipiritsa kuti mugwiritse ntchito kutengera malo. Zosankha zanu zidzadalira gawo lina pomwe mukugwirirako ntchito. M'madera ena a New York State, makamaka m'mizinda ikuluikulu, magaraja ena omwe amalipiritsa poyimitsa magalimoto amatha kupeza makasitomala omwe ali okonzeka kulipira ndalama zowonjezera za EV pafupipafupi chifukwa sangathe kubweza kunyumba kwawo.

Kulipira kuti mugwiritse ntchito kumadalira cholinga chokhazikitsa tsamba. Phindu lopangidwa ndi siteshoni siwo mwayi wokha wopezera ndalama kubweza kuchokera pamalo operekera ndalama. Malo olipiritsa atha kukopa oyendetsa EV omwe amakondera bizinesi yanu, amasunganso antchito ofunika, kapena kuwunikira momwe mungayang'anire zachilengedwe zomwe zitha kuthandiza kukopa nzika za EV komanso omwe si a EV, ogwira ntchito, kapena makasitomala.

Momwe kulipiritsa ntchito kumagwirira ntchito. Eni masiteshoni amatha kulipiritsa kuti agwiritsidwe ntchito ola limodzi, gawo lililonse, kapena magetsi.

  • Paola: Ngati mulipira pa ola limodzi, pamakhala mtengo wokwaniritsa galimoto iliyonse kaya ikulipiritsa kapena ayi, ndipo magalimoto osiyanasiyana amalandila magetsi pamitengo yosiyanasiyana, chifukwa chake mtengo wamagetsi umasiyana mosiyanasiyana poyambitsa gawo.
  • Pa Gawo: Izi nthawi zambiri ndizoyenera kulipiritsa kapena kulipira malo ogwirira ntchito omwe amakhala ndi nthawi yayifupi kwambiri.
  • Pa Unit of Energy (nthawi zambiri kilowatt-hour [kWh]): Izi zimalongosola mtengo wamagetsi weniweni kwa yemwe amakhala ndi chiteshi, koma sizimalimbikitsa kuyendetsa galimoto yomwe yanyamula kwathunthu kuchoka pamalopo

Eni malo ena ayesapo kuphatikiza njira izi, monga kulipiritsa ndalama kwa maola awiri oyamba, kenako kuchuluka kwakanthawi kotalikirapo. Malo ena atha kusankha kutsitsa momwe amagwirira ntchito posalumikiza netiweki yapa station ndikulipiritsa kwaulere.

Kodi nchifukwa ninji kulipiritsa kuntchito kuli kofunika kwambiri?

Anthu ambiri amayendetsa kupita kuntchito ndipo madalaivala a EV amakonda kutulutsa ndalama zawo ngati kuli kotheka kuperekera ndalama kuntchito ndi mwayi wabwino kwa olemba anzawo ntchito. M'malo mwake, kulipiritsa pantchito kumatha kukhala kophatikizira owerenga awiri EV onse-magetsi tsiku lililonse. Kwa olemba anzawo ntchito, kulipiritsa pantchito kumatha kuthandiza kukopa ndikusunga anthu ocheperako ndikuwonetsa utsogoleri pakugwiritsa ntchito matekinoloje oyera.

  • Brosha yakunyumba ya NYSERDA [PDF] imapereka zowonera zaubwino wokhazikitsa malo operekera ndalama pantchito ndi kuwongolera pakupanga mapulani, kukhazikitsa, ndikuwongolera zomangamanga za EV
  • Dipatimenti ya Zamagetsi Kulipiritsa Kuntchito Tsambali limapereka upangiri kwa ogwira nawo ntchito kuti agwiritse ntchito mwayiwu, komanso zambiri mwatsatanetsatane pakuwunika, kukonzekera, kukhazikitsa, ndikuwongolera kulipiritsa pantchito
Kodi ma station obweza mwachangu a DC ndi ati?

Kutsitsa kwachangu kwa DC kumagwiritsa ntchito mphamvu zamagetsi (DC) zamagetsi komanso magetsi a 480-volt alternating current (AC) kuti apereke mwayi wofulumira kwambiri m'malo opangira anthu ambiri. Kutengera EV, ma station olipiritsa mwachangu a DC atha kukupatsirani 80% mphindi 20 zokha. Kuthamanga kwadongosolo kumadalira kukula kwa batri ya galimoto ndi kuyendetsa hardware, koma ma EV ambiri amatha kulipira kuposa 100 kW (kuposa ma 100 mamailosi mumphindi 20). Kutcha mwachangu kwa DC makamaka ndi njira ya zonse zamagetsi magalimoto. Ndi ma EV osakanizidwa ochepa omwe amatha kugwiritsa ntchito ma charger achangu a DC. Pali zolumikizira zitatu zazikulu za ma charger achangu a DC; Ma EV omwe amatha kugwiritsa ntchito ma charger achangu a DC amangogwirizana ndi chimodzi mwama awa:

  • SAE Pamodzi adzapereke Dongosolo (CCS) ndi muyezo wovomerezeka wotsimikizira womwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi ambiri opanga makina
  • CHAdeMO ndi muyezo wamba wonyamula womwe umagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi Nissan ndi Mistubishi
  • Network ya Supercharger ya Tesla ndizokhazikitsidwa ndi ukadaulo wanyumba womwe ungagwiritsidwe ntchito ndi magalimoto a Tesla omwe

Makampani angapo aboma komanso achinsinsi akumanga malo olipiritsa ambiri ku New York State ndi madera ena, kuphatikiza New York Power Authority, Electrify America, EVgo, ChargePoint, Greenlots, ndi zina zambiri.